Western Sahara: Resistance in exile

25 April 2017 - 2:45pm
News

Deep in the Sahara desert some 165,000 Saharawi refugees cling to the hope that they will one day return to their confiscated homeland. But despite a lifetime in exile, and denial of their basic human rights, resistance is growing.

When Moroccan military forces invaded Western Sahara in 1975 the indigenous Saharawi people were expelled from their homes by force. Most fled to the Algerian desert. Ever since, the Saharawi people have been denied the right to self-determination, and mass migration of Moroccan settlers has turned them into a minority in their own land.

Refugee camps near the city of Tindouf in the Algerian desert. Photo credit: War on Want

Lucrative colony

As Morocco continues to plunder the rich supply of natural resources that belong to the Saharawi people, such as fish stocks and phosphate (a crucial component in fertilizer), it uses its financial and diplomatic means to further cement its hold on to its lucrative colony.

Foreign oil investment continues to boost Morocco’s frail veneer of international legitimacy and finances the expensive occupation, while its recent readmission to the African Union, having left in 1984, has served to embolden the regime.

'The Devil's Garden'

The Saharawi refugee camps are located near the city of Tindouf in the Algerian desert. Here the terrain is harsh and temperatures can top 50°C in the summer months. It’s clear why this stretch of desert is known to some as ‘The Devil’s Garden’.

What is also evident is the lack of any productive or income-generating activities, which entrenches poverty and further deepens the dependence on international aid.

Yet, despite a lifetime in exile, resistance is growing.

Protests against plunder

War on Want partner the Saharawi Campaign Against the Plunder (SCAP) is working tirelessly to raise awareness among Saharawis in the refugee camps, and occupied territories, about the ongoing illegal plunder of Western Sahara’s resources and its impact on the conflict. SCAP is organising presentations in camps and protests against the companies exploiting Saharawi resources.

They mobilised an incredible 4,000 people to protest against the Irish company San Leon Energy, which is exploring for oil near El-Aiun, the occupied capital of Western Sahara.

Building resistance

Jalihena from the Saharawi Campaign Against the Plunder (SCAP) is categorical: “As long as the Moroccan monarchy continues to benefit, without impunity, from the plunder of Saharawi natural resources, it will not be pressured to give up the territories it occupies and will make the Saharawi efforts to liberate the territories even harder.”

The conflict is keeping so many people in poverty. War on Want will continue to support our Saharawi partners by helping raise awareness of the struggle, in order to build resistance and bring the occupation to an end.

Find out more: http://www.waronwant.org/western-sahara

Latest news

The Women of Marikana

17 August 2017 - 10:00am

The Women of Marikana will no longer be ignored

SARANEL BENJAMIN writes on the fifth anniversary of the massacre and the fight for justice in the Morning Star


THIS August marks the fifth anniversary of the Marikana mining massacre.

During the month of August in 2012, 37 miners were killed — 34 were shot down by the South African police on a single day.

Read more

Electronic Intifada: EU funds firm supplying Israel with banned cluster weapons

11 August 2017 - 11:15am

The EU admits that Israel systematically violates international law through its military occupation and attacks on Palestinians, yet continues to reward the Israeli government and arms companies with research money, contracts and trade deals that feed its war machine, War on Want says.

Read more

Join the conversation

Marikana women speaking at packed @StrikeARock screening now Join their protest tomorrow #London #Justice4Marikanahttps://t.co/7JZ4VBzkw5 5 days 8 hours ago
"You strike a woman you @StrikeaRock" Don't miss the launch screening tonight. #RememberMarikana Free tickets:… https://t.co/WGiTfDbuZ8 5 days 14 hours ago
Tonight we screen this powerful story of sisterhood & resistance since the #MarikanaMassacre @StrikeARock Tickets:… https://t.co/glwQU0rHI6 5 days 19 hours ago